a Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center and Rush Institute for Healthy Aging and Departments of, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL
b Neurological Sciences, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL
c Psychology, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL
d Medicine, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL
e Health Care and Aging Studies Branch, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA
Liesi E. Hebert, Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, 1645 West Jackson Blvd., Suite 675, Chicago, IL 60612 E-mail: [email protected].
Decision Editor: Toni C. Antonucci, PhD
Previous research raises the possibility that gender differences occur in language function in Alzheimer's disease, but this hypothesis has not been evaluated systematically in longitudinal studies. The authors examined the association of gender with rate of decline in language and other cognitive functions among 410 persons with Alzheimer's disease. Participants were recruited from a dementia clinic and followed for up to 5 annual evaluations. Follow-up participation among survivors exceeded 90%. Decline in a composite score based on 8 language tests was evaluated in random effects models with age, education, and race controlled. Annual decline was 0.71 standard units (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.620.79) for women and 0.74 units (95% CI = 0.610.86) for men, not a significant difference. Decline on the individual language tests and on composite measures of memory, perception, and global cognition also indicated no significant association with gender. These results suggest that Alzheimer's disease affects language and other cognitive functions similarly in women and men.
This article has been cited by other articles:
Z. Arvanitakis, R. S. Wilson, J. L. Bienias, D. A. Evans, and D. A. Bennett
Diabetes Mellitus and Risk of Alzheimer Disease and Decline in Cognitive Function
Arch Neurol, May 1, 2004; 61(5): 661 - 666.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
|HOME||HELP||FEEDBACK||SUBSCRIPTIONS||ARCHIVE||SEARCH||TABLE OF CONTENTS|
|All GSA journals||The Gerontologist|
|Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences|