Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol 53, Issue 5 P324-P328, Copyright © 1998 by The Gerontological Society of America
Influences of age and perceived activity difficulty on activity recall
JL Earles and AW Kersten
Furman University, Greenville, South Carolina, USA. [email protected]
After they performed each of a series of activities, older and younger
adults were asked to rate the difficulty of the activity. Recall of the
activities was later tested. Older adults tended to remember those
activities they perceived to be less difficult, whereas younger adults
tended to remember those activities they perceived to be more difficult.
Thus, when more cognitive effort was required to perform an activity, older
adults tended to have difficulty later remembering the activity. Difficult
activities are hypothesized to tax limited processing resources and induce
anxiety in older adults, preventing successful encoding.